News : Bullying

Bullying

Welcome to the tomthumb.info bullying news section. Like the racial abuse and police violence and brutality section this page looks at bullying.  Tomhumb.info wants to become one of your news hotspots bringing you all the information on stories of bullying. We will be scouring the news for stories hitting the headlines on this subject and posting them for you, but also we want to hear your views and opinions, your stories and expperiences. Together we can do little but standing together as one voice we can achive great things.

Here we are going to look at “What is bullying?. What types of bullying is there?. Who does it affect?” and “Ways to combat it” from the things each and everyone of us can do in our everyday lives to the bigger picture and making a stand together against it.

Tomthumb.info has already posted several posts on bullying. they can be found on the homepage of the website or by clicking the following links.

Letter : Bullying is a problem
http://www.tomthumb.info/tt/index.php/2012/03/19/letter-bullying-is-a-problem/
Petition: Help put a stop to bullying!!
http://www.tomthumb.info/tt/index.php/2012/03/20/petition-help-put-a-stop-to-bullying/
Stats on Bullying in the U.S
http://www.tomthumb.info/tt/index.php/2012/04/01/stats-on-bullying-in-the-u-s/

The following is taken from wikipedia and is freely available to anyone what wants to look at it. It can be found at the following link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bullying

Bullying

is a form of aggressive behavior manifested by the use of force or coercion to affect others, particularly when the behavior is habitual and involves an imbalance of power. It can include verbal harassment, physical assault or coercion and may be directed repeatedly towards particular victims, perhaps on grounds of race, religion, gender, sexuality, or ability. The “imbalance of power” may be social power and/or physical power. The victim of bullying is sometimes referred to as a “target”.
Bullying consists of three basic types of abuse – emotional, verbal, and physical. It typically involves subtle methods of coercion such as intimidation. Bullying can be defined in many different ways. The UK currently has no legal definition of bullying, while some U.S. states have laws against it.

Bullying ranges from simple one-on-one bullying to more complex bullying in which the bully may have one or more ‘lieutenants’ who may seem to be willing to assist the primary bully in his or her bullying activities. Bullying in school and the workplace is also referred to as peer abuse.[ Robert W. Fuller has analyzed bullying in the context of rankism.

Bullying can occur in any context in which human beings interact with each other. This includes school, church, family, the workplace, home, and neighborhoods. It is even a common push factor in migration. Bullying can exist between social groups, social classes, and even between countries (see jingoism). In fact, on an international scale, perceived or real imbalances of power between nations, in both economic systems and in treaty systems, are often cited as some of the primary causes of both World War I and World War II.

Anti-bullying movement

In the 2000s and 2010s, a cultural movement against bullying gained popularity in the United States and United Kingdom. The charity Act Against Bullying was formed in the UK in 2003, and the first National Bullying Prevention Month was declared in the United States in 2006. The Suicide of Phoebe Prince in 2010 brought attention to the issue in Massachusetts, and sparked reforms in state education. The It Gets Better Project was started in 2010 to combat gay teen suicides, and Lady Gaga announced the Born This Way Foundation in partnership with Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet & Society in 2011.
A 2012 paper from the Berkman Center, “An Overview of State Anti-Bullying Legislation and Other Related Laws,” notes that, as of January 2012, 48 U.S. states had anti-bullying laws, though there is wide variation in their strength and focus. Sixteen states acknowledge that bullies often target their victims based on “creed or religion, disability, gender or sex, nationality or national origin, race, and sexual orientation.” Each of the 16 employs a wide array of additional parameters, the paper notes, ranging from age and weight to socioeconomic status. Of the 38 states that have laws encompassing electronic or “cyberbullying” activity, 32 put such offenses under the broader category of bullying and six states define this type of offense separately, the authors report.

Types of Bullying

School bullying

Some states in the United States have implemented laws to address school bullying.

Law prohibits bullying of students based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

Law prohibits bullying of students based on sexual orientation only.

School regulation or ethical code for teachers that address bullying of students based on sexual orientation.

Law prohibits bullying in school but lists no specific categories of protection.

No statewide law that specifically prohibits bullying in schools.

Bullying can occur in nearly any part in or around the school building, though it may occur more frequently in physical education classes and activities, recess, hallways, bathrooms, on school buses and while waiting for buses, and in classes that require group work and/or after school activities. Bullying in school sometimes consists of a group of students taking advantage of or isolating one student in particular and gaining the loyalty of bystanders who want to avoid becoming the next victim. These bullies may taunt and tease their target before physically bullying the target. Bystanders may participate or watch, sometimes out of fear of becoming the next victim.

Bullying can also be perpetrated by teachers and the school system itself: There is an inherent power differential in the system that can easily predispose to subtle or covert abuse (relational aggression or passive aggression), humiliation, or exclusion — even while maintaining overt commitments to anti-bullying policies.

Workplace bullying

According to the Workplace Bullying and Trauma Institute workplace bullying is “repeated, health-harming mistreatment, verbal abuse, or conduct which is threatening, humiliating, intimidating, or sabotage that interferes with work, or some combination of the three.” Statistics show that bullying is 3 times as prevalent as illegal discrimination and at least 1,600 times as prevalent as workplace violence. Statistics also show that while only one employee in every 10,000 becomes a victim of workplace violence, one in six experiences bullying at work. Bullying is a little more common than sexual harassment but not verbal abuse which occurs more than bullying.

Unlike the more physical form of school bullying, workplace bullying often takes place within the established rules and policies of the organization and society. Such actions are not necessarily illegal and may not even be against the firm’s regulations; however, the damage to the targeted employee and to workplace morale is obvious.

Bullying in academia

Bullying in academia is workplace bullying of scholars and staff in academia, especially places of higher education such as colleges and universities. It is believed to be common, although has not received as much attention from researchers as bullying in some other contexts.

Bullying in information technology

A culture of bullying is common in information technology (IT), leading to high sickness rates, low morale, poor productivity, and high staff turnover. Deadline-driven project work and stressed-out managers take their toll on IT workers.

Bullying in medicine

Bullying in the medical profession is common, particularly of student or trainee doctors and of nurses. It is thought that this is at least in part an outcome of conservative traditional hierarchical structures and teaching methods in the medical profession, which may result in a bullying cycle.

Bullying in nursing

Bullying has been identified as being particularly prevalent in the nursing profession although the reasons are not clear. It is thought that relational aggression (psychological aspects of bullying such as gossipping and intimidation) are relevant. Relational aggression has been studied amongst girls but not so much amongst adult women.

Bullying in teaching

School teachers are commonly the subject of bullying but they are also sometimes the originators of bullying within a school environment.

Cyber-bullying

Cyber-bullying is any bullying done through the use of technology. This form of bullying can easily go undetected because of lack of parental/authoritative supervision. Because bullies can pose as someone else, it is the most anonymous form of bullying. Cyber bullying includes, but is not limited to, abuse using email, instant messaging, text messaging, websites, social networking sites, etc.

Gay bullying

Gay bullying and gay bashing are expressions used to designate verbal or physical actions that are direct or indirect in nature by a person or group against a person who is gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgendered (LGBT), or of questionable sexual orientation, or one who is perceived to be so, because of rumors or fitting gay stereotypes.

Bullying of the disabled

It has been noted that disabled people are disproportionately affected by bullying and that this can be seen as a hate crime issue The bullying is not limited to those who are visibly disabled such as wheelchair-users or physically deformed such as those with a cleft lip but also those with learning disabilities such as autismand dyspraxia In the latter case, this is linked to a poor ability in physical education, and this behaviour can be encouraged by the unthinking physical education teacher. The bullying is not limited to schools. If the disabled person is in some form of institution, it is not unknown for staff to abuse the people in it such as was revealed in a BBC Panorama programme on a Castlebeck care home (Winterbourne View) near Bristol which led to its closure and the suspension and sacking of some of the staff.

There is an additional problem that those with learning disabilities are often not as able to explain things to other people so are more likely to be disbelieved or ignored if they do complain.

Bullying in prisons

Another environment known for bullying is a country’s prison service. This is almost inevitable when many of the people incarcerated are there for aggressive crimes and many were bullies at school. An additional complication is the staff and their relationships with the inmates. Thus the following possible bullying scenarios are possible:
• Inmate bullies inmate (echoing school bullying);
• Staff bullies inmate;
• Staff bullies staff (a manifestation of workplace bullying);
• Inmate bullies staff.

Bullying in the military

In 2000, the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) defined bullying as: “…the use of physical strength or the abuse of authority to intimidate or victimize others, or to give unlawful punishments.
Some argue that this behaviour should be allowed because of a general academic consensus that “soldiering” is different from other occupations. Soldiers expected to risk their lives should, according to them, develop strength of body and spirit to accept bullying. This attitude can be seen as paralleled by the training expected by the Ancient Greek city state of Sparta.[citation needed] However, the role of a soldier has widened to peace-keeping where overt aggression is usually counterproductive and services auxiliary to the military often do some soldiering as well as another role such as engineering.

Bullying in other areas

As the verb to bully is defined as simply “forcing one’s way aggressively or by intimidation,” the term may generally apply to any life experience where one is motivated primarily by intimidation instead of by more positive goals such as mutually shared interests and benefits. As such, any figure of authority or power which may use intimidation as a primary means of motivating others, such as a neighborhood “protection racket don”, a national dictator, a childhood ring-leader, a terrorist, a terrorist organization, or even a ruthless business CEO, could rightfully be referred to as a bully. According to psychologist Pauline Rennie-Peyton, we each face the possibility of being bullied in any phase of our lives.

Bullycide

The term bullycide is a portmanteau word first used in 2001 by Neil Marr and Tim Field in their book Bullycide: Death at Playtime. It refers to suicide attributable to the victim having been bullied, either in person or via social media. Bullycide has also been defined as the killing of the bully by the victim. The term has come to prominence during the highly publicised teenage suicides in the USA in the latter part of 2010, but had been used less widely before. The term has also gained notice by way of celebrities including Lady Gaga and Kim Kardashian speaking out against it.

In response to the bullying-related deaths in 2010, particularly those related to cyber-bullying, an online event, Spirit Day, was created in which participants were asked to wear purple as a symbol of respect for the deceased victims of bullying and to signify opposition to the bullying of the LGBT community.

Legal analysts criticise the term because it links a cause with an effect under someone else’s control. Research shows those who are bullied have a higher probability of considering or performing suicide than those who are not. However, there are victims of bullying who do not end up committing suicide, and some of them share their experiences in order to send a positive message to bullying victims that suicide is not the only option. In 2010 there were at least 34 reported bullycides reported. That number may be very low though because some

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Discussions

Join in and have your say….

Wish you weren’t here…Is the world going to the dogs? http://www.tomthumb.info/tt/index.php/2012/07/29/tom-thumb-wish-you-werent-here/

Can it ever be stopped? http://www.tomthumb.info/tt/index.php/2012/06/04/bullying-discussio/

Do the Police bully and abuse victims of crime? http://www.tomthumb.info/tt/index.php/2012/06/05/bullyabuse/

Do Teachers Bully Teachers? http://www.tomthumb.info/tt/index.php/2012/06/16/teachers-bully-teachers/

Bullying in the workplace? http://www.tomthumb.info/tt/index.php/2012/06/16/bullying/

Flash game promotes Bullying an Abuse? http://www.tomthumb.info/tt/index.php/2012/07/06/flash-game-promotes-bullying-and-abuse/

Are victims  safe to report the incident? http://www.tomthumb.info/tt/index.php/2012/07/16/bullying-violence/

Bullying vs Political Policy… http://www.tomthumb.info/tt/index.php/2012/07/23/bullying-discussion-attack/

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